Your experience starting and sticking with a low-carb diet will be unique. Some people may not know how to cut carbs while others find it difficult to get started but can motivate themselves easily once they start to see results. Some start off strong but find it difficult to stick with their diet if they run into challenges along the way or don’t get results immediately.
You may not see and feel the benefits of a low-carb diet until you’ve hit your body’s proper and particular carb level. That’s not to say you won’t start noticing a difference in how your body looks, feels, and moves as you begin eating low-carb. You just have to figure out what you need to feel good about your plan and stick with it long term.
Staying hydrated is one of the best ways you can care for your whole body. While you'll definitely need to avoid dehydration if you're exercising regularly, even mild dehydration can affect everything from your skin to gut health.
Proper hydration is vital to promoting regular digestion. Since low-carb diets can cause constipation, making sure you're getting enough fluid each day is essential.
Avoiding sugary beverages like soda and energy drinks is especially important if you're trying to cut carbs. Choosing water will also help you avoid adding extra calories—either from the beverage itself or overeating later.
When you reach for a sweet drink instead of a meal or snack when you're truly hungry, you’re not likely to feel satisfied and may fill up on "empty calories."
Eat Your Veggies
More Healthy Fat
The idea of a “diet” is not usually synonymous with “eat more fat,” but when you’re reducing your carb intake, you’ll need to make up those calories and nutrition elsewhere. One of the most satisfying and nutritional ways is to add healthy fats.
Diet goals aside, your body needs enough fat to function properly; eating a diet that includes plenty of healthy fat is important to your overall health. While you may want to limit certain types of saturated fats in your diet, you don’t have to avoid all fat.
As you're adjusting your carb and fat intake, don’t forget about protein. Protein-rich foods will help keep you fill and also offer many additional health benefits. Many sources of protein are also rich in amino acids, antioxidants, and other essential nutrients, such as:
Your individual protein needs will also depend on how active you are, your muscle mass, and your individual metabolism.
Check for Hidden Sugar
Some sources of carbs will be obvious and easy to watch for—but others, especially those from sugar, may be more difficult to spot. Added sugar can even pop up in typically savory rather than sweet spots, like salad dressing.
While you may diligently read nutrition labels and ingredient lists, it's easy to miss sugar when it goes by another name. These “hidden sugars” can easily add up and throw off your diet plan. Keep an eye out for some of the common names sugar goes by on food labels, including dextrose, fructose, cane crystals, maltodextrin, xylose, and malt syrup.
Choose Quality Over Quantity
As you increase your intake of vegetables, protein, and healthy fats, keep cutting back on high-carb foods—especially when you aren’t in charge of portions. For example, while you might be served a full bowl of pasta at a restaurant, the serving size for a meal is closer to one cup of al dente pasta.
The actual portions of high-carb foods may be smaller than you think: A standard serving of potato or rice is one half-cup. If you’re at home and can measure, you’ll be able to keep track of portions more closely. But when you’re dining out, it’s probably safe to assume what you’ve ordered is actually two (or three or four) servings.
When you do allow yourself a treat, have something you enjoy—just keep an eye on portion size. You’ll feel more satisfied having a small slice of delicious cake than if you try to fill up on a sugar-free, fat-free, low-carb alternative that isn’t what you really want. In fact, this approach may lead you to overeat.
Go for Grains
In fact, some people choose to cut carbs with a "no white diet" which removes potatoes, white rice, white sugar, or white flour.
Swaps and Substitutes
One of the easiest ways to cut carbs is to substitute lower-carb alternatives for high-carb meal staples. Keep your pantry and fridge stocked with low-carb ingredients and get creative with recipes.
Follow these tips to cut carbs throughout the day:
Start your day with high-fiber low-carb cereal for breakfast.Swap the bread on your lunchtime sandwich for a low-carb wrap or use lettuce.Reach for fresh fruit or a protein bar instead of hitting the vending machine.For dinner, cook up some spaghetti squash instead of pasta.Snack on a package of nuts instead of candy or buttery popcorn at the movies.
Even if weight loss isn’t your ultimate goal on a low-carb diet, keeping track of what you eat (and how much you eat) can be very helpful. Guessing or estimating portion sizes or nutrition information can easily get you off track.
If you’ve been keeping track and suddenly you hit a weight loss plateau, having all the data in front of you can help you come up with a solution.
Keeping track of how your calories each day are divided up into fat, protein, and carbohydrate can help direct your food choices.